SS 1 Food & Nutrition


Food & Nutrition

Hygiene involves maintaining cleanliness for the promotion of overall health and the prevention of diseases and germs. It encompasses the adoption of effective sanitary practices in various aspects of food production, purchase, processing, and marketing.   Ensuring personal kitchen hygiene is crucial for producing clean and safe food. The initial step involves carefully selecting food […]

Hygiene Read More »

Safety In The Kitchen

Food & Nutrition

Kitchen safety measures and devices are implemented to prevent accidents in a space known for its bustling food preparation and cooking activities. Common accidents include falls, burns, electric shocks, and accidental poisoning. To minimize these risks, the following precautions should be observed: Avoid wearing high heels. Promptly clean up any spilled liquids. Prohibit the littering

Safety In The Kitchen Read More »

Kitchen Equipment

Food & Nutrition

Kitchen equipment comprises tools and facilities utilized in the kitchen to facilitate food preparation and simplify cooking tasks. The selection of equipment is contingent upon the kitchen user’s preferences. Considerations when choosing or acquiring equipment include: Income or financial availability. Kitchen size. Safety and maintenance of the equipment. Durability and usability. Importance and essentiality. Available

Kitchen Equipment Read More »

Kitchen Management

Food & Nutrition

A kitchen can be described as a domestic workshop in the home where all the preparation, cooking, and serving of food is done. There are two types of kitchens: 1. Family kitchen. 2. Industrial kitchen.   Family kitchen: A family kitchen can be traditional or modern. The industrial kitchen is the type of kitchen found

Kitchen Management Read More »

Reproductive Health

Food & Nutrition

What is Reproductive Health? Reproductive health encompasses the holistic well-being and operation of the reproductive system, encompassing both physical and mental aspects. It involves the ability to maintain a satisfying and secure sexual life, the capacity for reproduction, and the autonomy to make decisions about reproduction, including access to information and services related to sexual

Reproductive Health Read More »

Food Tests

Food & Nutrition

Identifying Food Nutrients Carbohydrates Iodine Test: Cut a section of carbohydrate-rich food to expose the flesh. Pour drops of iodine on the exposed flesh. If it turns black or darkish brown, it indicates the presence of carbohydrates. If it remains light brown, carbohydrates are absent. Litmus Test: Peel and grate the food item, then make

Food Tests Read More »


Food & Nutrition

Absorption is the process through which the end products of digestion traverse the lining of the digestive tract. This occurs primarily in the inner lining of the small intestine, known as villi. Simple sugars and amino acids enter the bloodstream directly, while fatty acids enter indirectly through the lymphatic system.   Digestive processes involve various

Absorption Read More »

Digestive System

Food & Nutrition

Before food can be assimilated into the bloodstream, it undergoes a necessary transformation when taken into the mouth. Digestion is the intricate process whereby food molecules are chemically broken down by numerous enzymes into smaller substances. These smaller components can then be absorbed into the bloodstream and assimilated into cells for utilization.   The entire

Digestive System Read More »

Dietary Deficiency

Food & Nutrition

Inadequate or imbalanced nutrient intake can lead to various diseases, collectively known as malnutrition. Malnutrition occurs when there is an excess or deficiency of specific nutrients, resulting in a health imbalance. There are two main types of malnutrition: Undernutrition: This condition arises from insufficient food intake or poor nutrient utilization. It can lead to stunted

Dietary Deficiency Read More »

Mineral Elements | Macro Elements, Micro Elements & Water

Food & Nutrition

Mineral elements play a crucial role in the body, despite being required in trace amounts. These inorganic substances contribute to various functions such as growth and vital metabolic activities, and they are broadly categorized into two groups: macro elements (or trace elements) and micro elements.   Macro Elements: Calcium (Ca): Supports the development of strong

Mineral Elements | Macro Elements, Micro Elements & Water Read More »


Food & Nutrition

Vitamins are essential organic compounds needed by the body in small quantities. They can be categorized into two main groups: Water-soluble vitamins: These vitamins dissolve in water and include the B complex (B1, B2, B6, B12, B15, folic acid, niacin, biotin, pantothenic acid) and vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Fat-soluble vitamins: These vitamins can dissolve in

Vitamins Read More »

Fats And Oils

Food & Nutrition

Fats and oils are essential macronutrients required by the body, composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. When the body has an excess of carbohydrates and proteins, they can be converted into fats and stored beneath the skin. The structural components of fats and oils are glycerol and fatty acids.   Distinguishing Between Fats and Oils

Fats And Oils Read More »


Food & Nutrition

Introduction to Proteins: Protein is an essential macronutrient crucial for the body’s proper functioning. Composed of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen, its fundamental building block is the amino acid. Proteins are broadly categorized into two classes, each with distinct characteristics. The first class comprises proteins containing all essential amino acids, referred to as first class,

Proteins Read More »

Scroll to Top