Kitchen Management

A kitchen can be described as a domestic workshop in the home where all the preparation, cooking, and serving of food is done. There are two types of kitchens: 1. Family kitchen. 2. Industrial kitchen.   Family kitchen: A family kitchen can be traditional or modern. The industrial kitchen is the type of kitchen found […]

A kitchen can be described as a domestic workshop in the home where all the preparation, cooking, and serving of food is done. There are two types of kitchens: 1. Family kitchen. 2. Industrial kitchen.

 

Family kitchen: A family kitchen can be traditional or modern. The industrial kitchen is the type of kitchen found in hotels, universities, colleges, and hospitals. This type of kitchen is often larger than the family kitchen, and the facilities needed or used are mainly mechanical and electrical. Also, this type of kitchen is more equipped than the family kitchen.

 

The size of the kitchen depends solely on:

  1. Size of the building.
  2. Family size.
  3. The financial or economic status of the family.
  4. The equipment to be used.

 

Differences Between Traditional Kitchen And Modern Kitchen

Distinguishing between traditional and modern kitchens involves considering several key aspects of their design and functionality.

 

Traditional Kitchen:

  1. Location: Traditional kitchens are typically detached from the main building, creating a separate space for culinary activities.
  2. Ventilation: These kitchens tend to be poorly ventilated due to the presence of small windows, which may hinder the proper circulation of air.
  3. Floor Material: The floor of a traditional kitchen is often made of mud, giving it a rustic and traditional feel.
  4. Fuel Sources: Traditional kitchens rely on traditional sources of fuel such as charcoal, firewood, or sawdust for cooking.
  5. Construction Materials: The walls of a traditional kitchen are constructed using mud, and the roofs are typically made of bamboo and palm fronds, emphasizing natural and locally sourced materials.

 

Modern Kitchen:

  1. Location: Modern kitchens are integrated within the main building, seamlessly blending into the overall architecture of the home.
  2. Ventilation: Designed with comfort in mind, modern kitchens are well-ventilated, ensuring a pleasant environment for cooking activities.
  3. Floor Material: The floor of a modern kitchen is made of durable materials such as concrete or tile, providing a clean and easy-to-maintain surface.
  4. Fuel Sources: In contrast to traditional kitchens, modern kitchens use more contemporary sources of fuel, such as gas or electricity, reflecting advancements in technology and convenience.
  5. Construction Materials: The walls of a modern kitchen are constructed using concrete, offering strength and durability, while the roof is typically made of zinc, providing a modern and weather-resistant covering.

These distinctions highlight the evolution of kitchen design, with modern kitchens emphasizing convenience, efficiency, and a seamless integration into the overall structure of the home. The shift from traditional to modern kitchens is not only evident in their physical characteristics but also reflects advancements in technology, materials, and lifestyle preferences.

 

Factors To Be Considered When Planning A Kitchen

A well-planned kitchen is needed in the home for ease and comfortability. The following are important factors to consider:

  1. Floor: The floor should be made of concrete, non-slippery, and easy to clean. It should also be non-absorbent of grease, not easily discolored by hot utensils. It should be reasonably resilient.
  2. Wall: It should be strong, durable, impervious, and easy to clean.
  3. Ventilation: Good ventilation makes the kitchen comfortable to work in; therefore, adequate provision should be made for cross ventilation to get rid of heat generated during the cooking process. It helps to prevent undesirable odor and high humidity.
  4. Water Supply: There should be constant water supply in the kitchen for ease in working and cleaning the kitchen. A good drainage system both within and without will prevent the development of an offensive odor around the kitchen or contamination of food. The drainage system should be accessible to repair and clean.
  5. Lighting System: This should be either artificial or natural light from the sun, while the artificial is from electricity. The fluorescent light is more suitable for the kitchen because it does not generate heat or cast a shadow. Never use colored lights.
  6. Color Scheme: It should show good taste and blend with equipment.
  7. Arrangement of fixed equipment and storage facilities should prevent fatigue in the kitchen.

 

Advantages Of A Well-Planned Kitchen

  1. It is comfortable to work in.
  2. It saves time.
  3. Accidents are prevented.
  4. It is easy to keep clean.
  5. It reduces fatigue.
  6. Equipment lasts longer.
  7. Foods prepared are more hygienic because pests are prevented from entering.

 

Kitchen Plans

There are different types of kitchen design or layout. The major ones are;

  1. The L-shape.
  2. The U-shape.
  3. The corridor.

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