Mineral Elements | Macro Elements, Micro Elements & Water

Mineral elements play a crucial role in the body, despite being required in trace amounts. These inorganic substances contribute to various functions such as growth and vital metabolic activities, and they are broadly categorized into two groups: macro elements (or trace elements) and micro elements.   Macro Elements: Calcium (Ca): Supports the development of strong […]

Mineral elements play a crucial role in the body, despite being required in trace amounts. These inorganic substances contribute to various functions such as growth and vital metabolic activities, and they are broadly categorized into two groups: macro elements (or trace elements) and micro elements.

 

Macro Elements:

  1. Calcium (Ca): Supports the development of strong and healthy teeth, controls cell activities, aids blood clotting, facilitates the transmission of nerve signals, and ensures normal muscle function. Food sources include milk, hard water, seafood, green vegetables, and fruits.
  2. Magnesium (Mg): Contributes to bone development, regulates muscle contraction, and is essential for nerve transmission. Food sources include hard water, seafood, and nuts.
  3. Phosphorus (P): Essential for bone development, maintenance of acid-base balance in body fluids, energy storage and release, and cell reproduction. Food sources include green vegetables, egg yolks, seafood, liver, cereals, meat, pulses, and lime.
  4. Sodium (Na): Maintains cell integrity and aids in the secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. Food sources include table salt, meat, milk, cheese, eggs, seafood, green vegetables, and poultry.
  5. Sulphur (S): Essential for hair and nail development and the formation of connective tissues. Food sources include cabbage, meat, fish, eggs, and nuts.
  6. Potassium (K): Maintains cell membrane permeability, is involved in electrolyte balance, and contributes to nervous irritability and muscle contraction. Food sources include meat, potatoes, bananas, peanuts, carrots, oranges, grapefruit, and butter.

 

Micro Elements:

  1. Iron (Fe): Essential for the formation of hemoglobin in red blood cells. Food sources include meat, liver, kidneys, green vegetables, legumes, and whole cereals.
  2. Fluorine (F): Important for the development of strong bones and healthy teeth, and helps prevent dental decay. Food sources include fluoridated drinking water and toothpaste.

 

Water:

Water, comprising hydrogen and oxygen (H2O), is vital for human existence. Despite lacking energy value, water constitutes about two-thirds of the total body composition. It is neutral, colorless, odorless, and tasteless, serving various functions in the body:

  1. Acts as a medium for transporting substances within the body.
  2. Regulates body temperature.
  3. Quenches thirst.
  4. Assists in waste product excretion, such as urea through urine.
  5. Aids digestion and nutrient absorption.
  6. Maintains the moisture of organ lining membranes, acting as a lubricant.

Sources of water include drinking water, beverages, beer, and certain foods consumed.

Related Posts:

Vitamins

Fats And Oils

Proteins

Carbohydrates

Relationship between Food and Nutrition to other Subjects

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