Dietary Deficiency

Inadequate or imbalanced nutrient intake can lead to various diseases, collectively known as malnutrition. Malnutrition occurs when there is an excess or deficiency of specific nutrients, resulting in a health imbalance. There are two main types of malnutrition: Undernutrition: This condition arises from insufficient food intake or poor nutrient utilization. It can lead to stunted […]

Inadequate or imbalanced nutrient intake can lead to various diseases, collectively known as malnutrition. Malnutrition occurs when there is an excess or deficiency of specific nutrients, resulting in a health imbalance. There are two main types of malnutrition:

  1. Undernutrition: This condition arises from insufficient food intake or poor nutrient utilization. It can lead to stunted growth and development.
  2. Overnutrition: This occurs when there is an excessive intake of one or more nutrients, negatively affecting the body’s proper functioning.

 

Two specific types of malnutrition are Kwashiorkor and Marasmus:

Kwashiorkor is common in children and is primarily caused by a lack of protein in the diet. Symptoms include an enlarged stomach, changes in hair color and texture, swollen legs, scaly skin, and retardation of growth. Treatment involves increasing protein intake in the child’s diet.

 

Marasmus is a protein-calorie deficiency disease characterized by stunted growth, a skeletal appearance, saggy body tissue, and overall wasting away. Treatment includes incorporating high-protein foods, especially animal proteins, gradually adjusting the calorie intake according to the child’s age.

 

Anemia is another consequence of malnutrition, specifically due to an inadequate intake of iron. Common symptoms include weakness, fainting, and paleness of the skin. Treatment involves including iron-rich foods such as liver, eggs, and spinach in the diet.

 

Apart from these, here are five other dietary deficiencies, along with their symptoms and treatments:

Vitamin D Deficiency:

    1. Symptoms: Bone pain, muscle weakness, fatigue.
    2. Treatment: Increase intake of vitamin D-rich foods like fatty fish, fortified dairy products, and exposure to sunlight.

 

Vitamin C Deficiency (Scurvy):

  1. Symptoms: Fatigue, swollen and bleeding gums, joint pain.
  2. Treatment: Consume citrus fruits, strawberries, and vegetables rich in vitamin C.

 

Calcium Deficiency:

  1. Symptoms: Weak bones, dental problems, muscle cramps.
  2. Treatment: Include dairy products, leafy greens, and fortified foods in the diet.

 

Iodine Deficiency (Goiter):

  1. Symptoms: Swelling of the thyroid gland, fatigue, weight gain.
  2. Treatment: Consume iodized salt, seafood, and dairy products.

 

Vitamin A Deficiency (Night Blindness):

  1. Symptoms: Difficulty seeing in low light, dry eyes.
  2. Treatment: Eat foods rich in vitamin A, such as carrots, sweet potatoes, and leafy greens.

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Mineral Elements | Macro Elements, Micro Elements & Water

Vitamins

Fats And Oils

Proteins

Carbohydrates

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