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Features Of The 1989 Constitution

Constitutional Features and Evaluations: Retained Presidential System: The constitution maintained the presidential system of governance, akin to the 1979 framework. Entrenched Two-Party System: The constitution solidified a two-party system, aiming to streamline electoral choices and reduce confusion compared to a multi-party setup. Recall Provision for Legislators: Empowered citizens with the ability to recall legislators who […]

Constitutional Features and Evaluations:

  1. Retained Presidential System: The constitution maintained the presidential system of governance, akin to the 1979 framework.
  2. Entrenched Two-Party System: The constitution solidified a two-party system, aiming to streamline electoral choices and reduce confusion compared to a multi-party setup.
  3. Recall Provision for Legislators: Empowered citizens with the ability to recall legislators who lost public confidence, enhancing accountability.
  4. Non-State Status for Abuja: Designated Abuja, the federal capital territory, as distinct from a state within the constitutional framework.
  5. Protection of Rights and Independent Judiciary: Ensured provisions for fundamental human rights and an independent judiciary for Nigerian citizens.

 

Merits of the 1989 Constitution

  1. Streamlined Electoral Choice: The two-party system focused voter options, minimizing confusion.
  2. Qualification Standards for Candidates: Set age and education requirements aimed at excluding inexperienced and uneducated individuals from governance.
  3. Local Government Empowerment: Increased attention to local and rural development through enhanced local government prominence.

 

Demerits of the 1989 Constitution

  1. Part-Time Legislature: Legislators’ part-time status and allowances led to a focus on private businesses over legislative duties.
  2. Restriction on Political Choice: Limited political options for both politicians and voters, constraining democratic expression.

 

Features of the 1999 Constitution

  1. Continuation of Prior Constitutions: Maintained elements from both the 1979 and 1989 constitutions.
  2. Bicameral Legislature: Established a two-chamber national legislature and a unicameral legislature for each state.
  3. Education Requirement for Candidates: Mandated a secondary school certificate as the minimum educational qualification for national and state office seekers.
  4. Local Government Councils: Provided for 774 local government councils.
  5. Revenue Allocation Formula: Outlined a formula for distributing revenue.

 

Advantages of the 1999 Constitution

  1. Introduction of Fourth Republic and Presidential System: Initiated the fourth republic and reinstated the presidential system.
  2. Educational and Age Qualifications: Reduced governance inefficiencies by requiring minimum education and age criteria for officeholders.
  3. Grassroots Political Development: Facilitated political growth at the grassroots level.
  4. Smooth Transition from Military Rule: Enabled a seamless transition from military to civilian rule.

 

Demerits of the 1999 Constitution

  1. Imposed by the Military: The military enforced the constitution on the populace.
  2. Rigidity and Amendment Difficulty: Notably inflexible and challenging to amend.
  3. Aligned with Abacha’s Agenda: Allegedly tailored to serve the interests of Abacha.
  4. Centralization of Judiciary: Contrary to federalism demands, centralized judiciary power.
  5. Federal Government Overreach: Granted excessive authority to the federal government.

Related Posts:

The Independence Constitution Of 1960

Lyttleton Constitution Of 1954

Clifford Constitution Of 1922

Nationalism

Advantages Of Colonial Rule

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