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The Nigerian Civil War | Causes, Positive Consequences & Negative Consequences

Government

The Nigerian Civil War commenced on July 6, 1967, and officially concluded on January 15, 1970, with Major-General Philip Effiong, the chief of staff of the Republic of Biafra, formally renouncing the existence of the state at Dodan Barracks in Lagos.   Causes Of The Civil War Immediate Causes The war had both immediate and […]

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The Development Of Political Parties In Nigeria | NNDP, UMBC, NYM, NCNC

Government

Formation Of The Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) Established in 1923 following the adoption of the elective principle outlined in the Clifford constitution of 1922, the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) holds the distinction of being Nigeria’s inaugural political party. Initiated by Herbert Macaulay, a prominent figure in Nigeria’s nationalist movement, the party dominated the

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Nigerian Federalism | Meaning, Factors, Structure, Features & Problems

Government

What is Nigerian Federalism? Nigerian federalism has its roots dating back to 1914 when the Northern and Southern protectorates were amalgamated, albeit under a unitary form of administration. From that point onward, the distribution of governmental powers in Nigeria underwent a shift, with authority shared between the central government led by the governor-general and the

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The First Republican Constitution Of 1963

Government

Characteristics Of The 1963 Republican Constitution The Republic of Nigeria adopted the 1963 Republican Constitution, ushering in significant modifications. The key features of this constitution include: Establishment of a Republican System: The constitution officially established a republican form of government in Nigeria. Removal of the Queen as Head of State: The Queen of England was

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Independence Constitution Of 1960

Government

Features and provisions of the 1960 Independence Constitution: The 1960 Independence Constitution maintained the federal structure introduced by Lyttleton’s 1954 Constitution. Governors-General assumed the role of Ceremonial Head of State on behalf of the Queen of England. The parliamentary system of government in Nigeria was adopted, featuring a bicameral legislature for both federal and regional

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Constitutional Development | London Constitutional, Effects & Implementation

Government

London Constitutional Conference Convened to address concerns related to Lyttleton’s 1954 constitution, the 1957 Constitutional Conference resulted in significant decisions: Immediate self-government for the Eastern and Western regions post-conference. Northern region’s independence by 1959. Establishment of the Prime Minister’s office for the federation. Introduction of a House of Chiefs in the Eastern region, mirroring Northern

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Lyttleton Constitution Of 1954 | Significant Provisions, Demerits & Merits

Government

Lyttleton Constitution Highlights The shortcomings of MacPherson’s constitution led to two constitutional conferences in 1953 and 1954, held in London and Lagos, resulting in the Lyttleton Constitution of October 1954. Key features and significant changes introduced by the Lyttleton Constitution include: First Federal Constitution: It marked Nigeria’s adoption of its initial federal constitution. Governor Titles:

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Constitutional Development | Macpherson, Features, Merits & Demerits

Government

The Macpherson Constitution Of 1951 In response to the weaknesses identified in Richard’s Constitution, exacerbated by anti-colonial activities and the erosion of white superiority, a new constitution was introduced. Sir John Macpherson assumed the role of Governor of Nigeria in 1948 and undertook a review of the 1946 Constitution, culminating in the Macpherson Constitution of

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The Clifford’s Constitution Of 1922 | Features, Merits, Demerits

Government

Features of Clifford Constitution: Secretary of State for Colonies: A Cabinet Minister in Britain held the position of Secretary of State for Colonies. The colonial Governors reported to this official.   Head of State: Governor Hugh Clifford served as the Head of State, representing the Queen of England. The Executive Council: Comprised of an all-European

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Nationalism In West Africa | Characteristics, External Factors & Internal Factors

Government

Nationalism in Africa can be defined as the collective efforts of Africans to resist or repudiate colonial rule. It encompasses the love and pride that a population has for its country, as well as the aspirations of a racial group to establish an independent nation. Additionally, nationalism manifests as a sense of unity among social

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Colonialism In Africa | The Positive Impacts & Negative Impacts

Government

Positive Impacts Of Colonialism Military and Technical Assistance: Former French colonies, among others, received military and technical support from their colonial rulers. Development of Political Parties: Colonialism played a role in fostering the growth of political parties, facilitating the struggle for political independence. Common Language: Colonial influence led to the development of common languages, such

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