Colonialism In Africa | The Positive Impacts & Negative Impacts

Positive Impacts Of Colonialism Military and Technical Assistance: Former French colonies, among others, received military and technical support from their colonial rulers. Development of Political Parties: Colonialism played a role in fostering the growth of political parties, facilitating the struggle for political independence. Common Language: Colonial influence led to the development of common languages, such […]

Positive Impacts Of Colonialism

  1. Military and Technical Assistance: Former French colonies, among others, received military and technical support from their colonial rulers.
  2. Development of Political Parties: Colonialism played a role in fostering the growth of political parties, facilitating the struggle for political independence.
  3. Common Language: Colonial influence led to the development of common languages, such as English and French, in respective colonial territories.
  4. Uniform Civil Service: The civil service systems in these regions were structured in alignment with the British and French models.
  5. Common Legal System: Colonial rule contributed to the establishment of a shared legal system across colonial territories.
  6. Infrastructure Development: Facilities like roads, railways, and electricity were developed to enhance administrative efficiency.
  7. Emergence of New Elites: The colonial era saw the rise of a new elite class based on education and political exposure.
  8. Exposure to Western Education: Colonialism granted access to Western education, expanding opportunities for Africans.
  9. Common Central Bank: With the exception of Guinea, former French territories in West Africa had a shared Central bank issuing a common currency.

 

Negative Impacts Of Colonialism

  1. Economic Dependence and Exploitation: African labor contributed to the wealth exploited by colonial powers, leading to the impoverishment of West Africa.
  2. Means of Communication: Infrastructure was primarily constructed for resource extraction rather than benefitting the local population.
  3. Introduction of the Slave Trade: Colonial powers played a role in introducing the slave trade, resulting in the deportation and humiliation of African leaders.
  4. Colonial Education: Education was designed to train Africans for subordinate roles in local administration and European-owned capitalist firms.
  5. Erosion of Traditional Rulers’ Power: Traditional rulers lost real authority, becoming colonial puppets accountable to the colonial government.
  6. Cash Crop Focus: Colonial powers prioritized the production of cash crops like cocoa, cotton, and palm produce to serve their economic interests.
  7. Division of Unity: Colonial rule divided West African countries into English and French-speaking regions, creating challenges for regional unity, exemplified by issues within ECOWAS.

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