Independence Constitution Of 1960

Features and provisions of the 1960 Independence Constitution: The 1960 Independence Constitution maintained the federal structure introduced by Lyttleton’s 1954 Constitution. Governors-General assumed the role of Ceremonial Head of State on behalf of the Queen of England. The parliamentary system of government in Nigeria was adopted, featuring a bicameral legislature for both federal and regional […]

Features and provisions of the 1960 Independence Constitution:

The 1960 Independence Constitution maintained the federal structure introduced by Lyttleton’s 1954 Constitution. Governors-General assumed the role of Ceremonial Head of State on behalf of the Queen of England. The parliamentary system of government in Nigeria was adopted, featuring a bicameral legislature for both federal and regional House of Assemblies. Executive powers were vested in the Prime Minister and Premiers, with the Senate holding authority over financial and other bills. Dual governance powers were established at both the federal and regional levels. The constitution enshrined the Fundamental Human Rights of citizens and provided a thoughtful approach to constitutional amendments. Federal legislatures were empowered to enact laws during emergencies, and detailed provisions for Nigerian citizenship were outlined. The appointment of Supreme Court and high court judges followed a process advised by the Judicial Service Commission.

 

Advantages or Achievements of the Independence Constitution:

The adoption of the Independence Constitution marked the successful conclusion of the nationalistic struggle. It symbolized the definitive end of colonialism that had persisted in Nigeria since the late 19th century. Nigeria attained sovereign statehood, enabling it to pursue international recognition by joining the UN and the Commonwealth. The country engaged in trade relations with other nations, enhancing foreign trade and raising living standards. Independence led to increased employment in the civil service and other sectors of the economy. Nigerians established a Public Service Commission, and a bicameral legislative system was instituted at both federal and regional government levels. Accountability in revenue utilization was introduced through the Ministry of Finance’s activities.

 

Disadvantages and Weaknesses of the 1960 Independence Constitution:

The constitution maintained the Queen of England as the titular or ceremonial head of state, represented by the Governor-General. The Privy Council in Britain remained the highest court of appeal for Nigeria. Senate members were not directly elected but appointed by regional governments. The constitution lacked clarity on the process and position for creating states, leading to political tensions during the establishment of the Midwest region. It was a constitution designed by foreign entities, overseen by departing British colonialists.

Related Posts:

Constitutional Development | London Constitutional, Effects & Implementation

Lyttleton Constitution Of 1954 | Significant Provisions, Demerits & Merits

Constitutional Development | Macpherson, Features, Merits & Demerits

The Clifford’s Constitution Of 1922 | Features, Merits, Demerits

Constitutional Development In Nigeria

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top