Values & Acceptable Societal Values

Values, in the context of civic education, encompass monetary and non-monetary aspects, reflecting the perceived worth of a thing. Specifically, in this domain, values are defined as the esteemed quality or importance attributed to certain ideas or beliefs, acknowledged and upheld by individuals and the society they inhabit. Additionally, values encompass a set of moral […]

Values, in the context of civic education, encompass monetary and non-monetary aspects, reflecting the perceived worth of a thing. Specifically, in this domain, values are defined as the esteemed quality or importance attributed to certain ideas or beliefs, acknowledged and upheld by individuals and the society they inhabit. Additionally, values encompass a set of moral principles and standards that guide our interactions within society.

 

Emphasizing positive and constructive attributes, values play a crucial role in shaping good and active citizens. They serve as solutions to human and societal issues such as corruption, terrorism, cultism, thuggery, and robbery. Originating from societal standards of behaviour and ideals, values draw influence from various sources including family, environment, and the collective ethos.

 

There are several types or forms of values, including selflessness, hard work, discipline, justice, love, contentment, integrity, and more.

 

Selflessness:

This entails the capacity to prioritize and care for others more than oneself. An exemplary figure demonstrating selflessness is the late Chief Ganiyu Fawehinmi, unofficially titled Senior Advocate of the Masses (SAM), who ardently fought for justice and the elimination of inhumanity among people.

 

Justice:

Justice involves fairness, reasonableness, and rightness in dealing with individuals. It signifies the absence of favouritism, bias, or sentiment when resolving conflicts between two or more parties. A just society is essential for maintaining peace and harmony among its members.

 

Acceptable Societal Values

Justice Categories

There exist four distinct categories of justice:

  1. Distributive Justice: This pertains to ensuring a fair share, encompassing equity in income distribution and just recompense.
  2. Procedural Justice: Involves employing fair processes to determine the distribution of goods or resources. Its absence may incite revolts as people demand their rights.
  3. Restoration Justice: Also known as restitution, it seeks to appease individuals who have been wronged, offering a heartfelt apology or rectifying the wrong by addressing the injustices committed against individuals or groups.
  4. Retributive Justice: This involves seeking revenge when one has been offended, aggrieved, or betrayed. The goal is for the offender to experience the same suffering they inflicted.

 

Significance Of Justice

Justice serves several vital purposes:

  1. Conflict Prevention: It prevents unnecessary conflicts within society.
  2. Facilitating Relationships: Encourages positive relationships and interactions among individuals.
  3. Peace Promotion: Contributes to the overall peace and stability of society.
  4. Enhancing Well-being: Fosters happiness among individuals.

 

Importance Of Values

Values play a crucial role in various aspects of life:

  1. Resistance to Conformity: They help resist pressure to conform to values that are not appreciated; people of integrity do not compromise their beliefs.
  2. Goal Setting: Moral principles influence goal setting, with individuals aligning their objectives with their values.
  3. Positive Influence: Upholding values allows individuals to positively influence others, serving as mentors or role models of integrity.

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