Syllable

A syllable constitutes a unit of sound formed by a central sonority peak, typically a vowel, surrounded by consonants. Additionally, a syllable represents the portion of a word spoken in one breath or pulse, being the smallest speech unit pronounced at once. Commonly, it includes one vowel and accompanying consonants. For instance, the word ‘baby’ […]

A syllable constitutes a unit of sound formed by a central sonority peak, typically a vowel, surrounded by consonants. Additionally, a syllable represents the portion of a word spoken in one breath or pulse, being the smallest speech unit pronounced at once. Commonly, it includes one vowel and accompanying consonants. For instance, the word ‘baby’ comprises two syllables, each containing a consonant and a vowel (/beil/ and /bi/).

 

Concerning words and syllables, words are categorized based on the number of syllables they contain—whether monosyllabic (one syllable), disyllabic (two syllables), or polysyllabic (more than two syllables).

Monosyllabic Words: These consist of a single syllable, with stress usually applied when the word is in isolation. Examples include prepositions (e.g., on, in, of), conjunctions (e.g., and, but), pronouns (e.g., she, he, you), and other monosyllabic words like man, go, and book.

 

Disyllabic Words: Comprising two syllables, these words exhibit stress on either the first or second syllable, depending on the word’s state and class. Nouns often receive stress on the first syllable, while verbs place stress on the second. Examples include:

  1. Study (Noun) – Study (Verb)
  2. Export (Noun) – EXport (Verb)
  3. Desert (Noun) – DEsert (Verb)
  4. Convict (Noun) – CONvict (Verb)
  5. Refuse (Noun) – REfuse (Verb)

 

Additionally, adjectives are typically stressed on the first syllable, whereas verbs receive stress on the second syllable. Examples include:

 

  1. Frequent (Adjective) – freQUENT (Verb)
  2. Absent (Adjective) – abSENT (Verb)

 

Polysyllabic Words: These encompass words with more than two syllables, and stress placement can vary based on the word class. Examples include examination, impossible, and generation.

 

Activity:

Monosyllabic Words:

  1. Sun
  2. Cat
  3. Pen
  4. Run
  5. Hat

 

Disyllabic Words:

  1. Table
  2. Happy
  3. Music
  4. Water
  5. Tiger

 

Polysyllabic Words:

  1. Elephant
  2. Celebration
  3. University
  4. Beautiful
  5. Opportunity

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