Stress Placement on Two or More Syllable Words

In this lesson, we’ll delve into the morphophonemic approach to identify stressed syllables. Stress placement is determined by the occurrence and arrangement of vowels (short, long, diphthongs) and consonants in syllables.   Guidelines:   (1) For two-syllable words, simple adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions, stress the first syllable when the second syllable contains a short vowel […]

In this lesson, we’ll delve into the morphophonemic approach to identify stressed syllables. Stress placement is determined by the occurrence and arrangement of vowels (short, long, diphthongs) and consonants in syllables.

 

Guidelines:

 

  1. (1) For two-syllable words, simple adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions, stress the first syllable when the second syllable contains a short vowel and one or a final consonant (e.g., “ENter,” “ENvy,” “Open,” “Equal”). However, a two-syllable verb ending in the diphthong (әu) is stressed on the first syllable, for example, “FOllow,” “BOrrow.”

 

(2) Stress the second syllable if it contains a long vowel or diphthong and ends with more than one consonant (e.g., “withDRAW,” “inVITE,” “conTACT,” “aLIVE”).

 

(3) For three-syllable verbs, stress the last syllable if it contains a long vowel, diphthong, or more than one consonant. If the last syllable contains a short vowel or not more than one consonant, stress the second syllable (e.g., “resuRRECT,” “enterTAIN,” “enCOUNTER,” “deTERmine”).

 

  1. (1) For two-syllable nouns, stress the first syllable if the second syllable contains a short vowel; otherwise, stress the second (e.g., “MOney,” “PROduct,” “LArynx,” “eSTATE,” “balLOON,” “deSIGN”).

 

(2) For three-syllable nouns, if the last syllable contains a short vowel or the diphthong /әu/, it receives no stress. If the middle syllable contains a long vowel or diphthong or ends with more than one consonant, stress that middle syllable (e.g., “poTAto,” “diSASter,” “boNANza,” “syNOPsis,” “apPOINTment”). If the last syllable contains a short vowel and not more than one consonant, stress the first syllable (e.g., “QUANtity,” “EXercise,” “CUStody,” “SCHOlarship,” “EMperor,” “CInema”).

Related Posts:

Rules of Concord

The Use of the Dictionary

Prepositional Phrase

Article Writing

Prefixes

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