Speech Work: Stress Patterns

Identification and Illustrations: In this instructional session, we will elucidate the morphophonemic method for identifying stressed syllables. Stress placement is ascertained based on the occurrence and arrangement of vowels (short, long, diphthongs) and consonants within syllables.   Guidelines: (1) For two-syllable words such as simple adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions,   Stress the first syllable if […]

Identification and Illustrations:

In this instructional session, we will elucidate the morphophonemic method for identifying stressed syllables. Stress placement is ascertained based on the occurrence and arrangement of vowels (short, long, diphthongs) and consonants within syllables.

 

Guidelines:

  1. (1) For two-syllable words such as simple adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions,

 

  1. Stress the first syllable if the second syllable contains a short vowel and either one or a final consonant. Examples: ENter, ENvy, Open, Equal.

 

  1. However, stress the first syllable in a two-syllable verb ending in the diphthong (әu), as seen in examples like FOllow, BOrrow.

 

(2) Stress the second syllable if it contains a long vowel or diphthong and concludes with more than one consonant. Examples: withDRAW, inVITE, conTACT, aLIVE.

 

(3) For three-syllable verbs,

 

  1. Stress the last syllable if it contains a long vowel, diphthong, or more than one consonant (e.g., resuRRECT, enterTAIN, enCOUNTER, deTERmine).

 

  1. Stress the second syllable if the last syllable contains a short vowel or not more than one consonant.

 

  1. (1) Two-syllable nouns:

 

Stress the first syllable if the second syllable contains a short vowel; otherwise, stress the second. Examples: MOney, PROduct, LArynx, eSTATE, balLOON, deSIGN.

 

(2) Three-syllable nouns:

 

  1. If the last syllable contains a short vowel or the diphthong /әu/, it receives no stress.

 

  1. If the middle syllable contains a long vowel, diphthong, or ends with more than one consonant, stress the middle syllable. Examples: poTAto, diSASter, boNANza, syNOPsis, apPOINTment.

 

  1. If the last syllable contains a short vowel and not more than one consonant, stress the first syllable. Examples: QUANtity, EXercise, CUStody, SCHOlarship, EMperor, CInema.

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