Settlement Interactions | Rural And Urban Settlements

Interdependence of Rural And Urban Settlements The mutual reliance between urban and rural settlements is crucial for their sustained coexistence. Urban Settlement’s Reliance on Rural Settlement Provision of Food: Cities and large towns rely on rural areas for the supply of essential food items such as yams, plantains, beans, cassava, tomatoes, etc. Unskilled Labor Supply: […]

Interdependence of Rural And Urban Settlements

The mutual reliance between urban and rural settlements is crucial for their sustained coexistence.

  1. Urban Settlement’s Reliance on Rural Settlement
  2. Provision of Food: Cities and large towns rely on rural areas for the supply of essential food items such as yams, plantains, beans, cassava, tomatoes, etc.
  3. Unskilled Labor Supply: Urban areas heavily depend on rural regions for the provision of unskilled labour, given the lower skill levels prevalent in rural populations.
  4. Medicinal Herbs: Pharmaceutical companies in urban centers depend on rural areas for the procurement of medicinal herbs and roots.
  5. Industrial Raw Materials: Manufacturing industries in urban areas source raw materials like latex, cocoa, cotton, etc., from rural regions.

Challenges Limiting Rural Performance in These Functions:

  1. Rural-Urban Migration
  2. Increasing literacy levels among rural dwellers.
  3. Limited agricultural land availability.
  4. Technological advancements, transforming the world into a global village.
  5. Natural disasters like soil erosion and flooding.

 

Rural Settlements’ Dependence on Urban Settlement

  1. Manufactured Goods: Urban centers provide essential manufactured goods like processed food, milk, sugar, bread, drugs, etc., to rural areas.
  2. Markets: Urban areas serve as markets for agricultural products from rural areas.
  3. Employment: Urban areas offer employment opportunities for both skilled and unskilled labor from rural regions.
  4. Higher Education: Rural areas depend on urban centers for higher education, including universities and polytechnics.
  5. Capital Flow: There is a continuous flow of capital from urban to rural areas, encompassing currencies, trade, commerce, as well as shares and stocks.
  6. Information Dissemination: Radio, television, newspapers, and other media disseminate information from urban to rural areas.
  7. Medical Services: Rural areas benefit from medical services provided by urban areas, including Teaching and Specialist Hospitals, General Hospitals, etc.
  8. Administrative Functions: Most administrative headquarters are situated in urban areas, making rural areas reliant on urban centers for effective governance.
  9. Diffusion of Innovation and Ideas: Urban areas play a role in spreading innovation and ideas to rural areas, encompassing social and educational concepts, internet facilities, satellite and cable networks, styles, fashion, resort centers, hotels, etc.

 

Challenges Hindering These Functions by Urban Areas:

  1. Political discrimination
  2. Nepotism and Tribalism
  3. Inadequate communication facilities between the two areas.
  4. Storage issues due to seasonal variations in products.
  5. Tribal/inter-tribal wars and other social unrest.

Related Posts:

World Settlement

World Population

Representation of Relief Landforms

Commercial Activities

Manufacturing Industries

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top