Noun Phrase And Verb Phrase

Definition: A noun phrase consists of a head that is a noun or pronoun. Functions: The noun phrase serves the same functions as a noun. (1) As the subject of a sentence: The quarrelsome girl in the class is big. A young talented Nigerian lady received an award last year. The boy in the red […]

Definition: A noun phrase consists of a head that is a noun or pronoun.

Functions: The noun phrase serves the same functions as a noun.

(1) As the subject of a sentence:

  1. The quarrelsome girl in the class is big.
  2. A young talented Nigerian lady received an award last year.
  3. The boy in the red shirt is my friend.
  4. We purchased a brand new car.

A gerundial phrase, also a noun phrase, can function as the subject of the verb:

  1. Telling lies often belittles a person.
  2. Consciously wounding someone is wicked.

The infinitive can also serve as a noun phrase, functioning as the subject of the verb:

  1. To tell lies belittles a person.
  2. To consciously wound someone is wicked.

An adjective can be the head of a noun phrase:

  1. The poor suffer a lot.
  2. The conquered expect no mercy from their conqueror.
  3. The wise learn from experience.

(2) As the object of a verb:

The officer praised the students (direct object).

(3) As a subject complement:

  1. The grateful boy called his friend a savior.
  2. His village made him a chief.

(4) As the complement of a preposition:

  1. The governor thought of the brilliant lawyer when choosing his cabinet.
  2. The thief hid the gun under his bed.

 

The Verb Phrase:

The verb phrase typically comprises a main verb and one or more auxiliary verbs. In the following sentences, the verb phrases are in italics:

  1. Dike has done the work (one auxiliary verb + main verb).
  2. Dike has been doing the work since morning (two auxiliary verbs + main verb).

Obioma may come with us if he likes.

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