Nigeria Vegetation And Soils

Nigeria’s vegetation can be categorized into three primary zones: Forest Zone/Vegetation: Mangrove Swamp Forest: Features both salt and fresh water swamp environments. Rain Forest   Savanna Zone/Vegetation: Guinea Savanna Sudan Savanna Sahel Savanna   Montane Vegetation: Primarily found in highland areas like Jos and Adamawa. As for the soils in Nigeria, they can be classified […]

Nigeria’s vegetation can be categorized into three primary zones:

Forest Zone/Vegetation:

    1. Mangrove Swamp Forest: Features both salt and fresh water swamp environments.
    2. Rain Forest

 

Savanna Zone/Vegetation:

  1. Guinea Savanna
  2. Sudan Savanna
  3. Sahel Savanna

 

Montane Vegetation:

  1. Primarily found in highland areas like Jos and Adamawa.

As for the soils in Nigeria, they can be classified into four major zones:

 

Zone of Laterite Soil:

  1. Located in the interior regions of Nigeria (e.g., Jos, Makurdi, Minna, Enugu, Abuja).
  2. Associated with Guinea Savanna, heavily leached due to rainfall, resulting in reddish coloration due to iron presence.

 

Zone of Sandy Soil:

  1. Found in the extreme northern part of Nigeria (e.g., Sokoto, Katsina, Kano, Damaturu, Maiduguri).
  2. Associated with Sudan and Sahel Savanna, formed due to arid conditions and wind-deposited sand.

 

Zone of Forest Soil:

  1. Predominantly located in the southern belt and southwestern part of Nigeria (e.g., Ibadan, Akure, Benin City, Ogun, Anambra, Imo).
  2. Associated with forest vegetation, rich in humus due to fallen and decayed leaves.

 

Zone of Alluvial Soils:

  1. Found around Ilorin, Lokoja, and the Niger-Delta areas (Warri, Port-Harcourt, Calabar).
  2. Associated with fine alluvial soil deposits at the lower course of rivers.

Related Posts:

Nigeria Climate

Relief & Drainage

Location, Position And Size Of Nigeria

Map Distances

Map Reading

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