Methods of Cooking | Baking, Roasting & Grilling

Baking Baking involves cooking food with dry heat in a preheated space using direct radiation, typically in an oven. The method employs dry heat, and the food is surrounded by a flow of hot air, which cooks it. Baking is particularly suitable for items like cakes, pastries, bread, and biscuits.   Rules for Baking: Preheat […]

Baking

Baking involves cooking food with dry heat in a preheated space using direct radiation, typically in an oven. The method employs dry heat, and the food is surrounded by a flow of hot air, which cooks it. Baking is particularly suitable for items like cakes, pastries, bread, and biscuits.

 

Rules for Baking:

  1. Preheat the oven before placing the food inside.
  2. Use oven gloves when removing food from the oven.
  3. Avoid overloading oven trays.
  4. Minimize opening the oven door frequently.
  5. Close the oven door gently, avoiding banging.
  6. Do not bake foods that release moisture alongside crispy and dry foods.

 

Advantages of baking:

  1. Baked foods are visually appealing and appetizing.
  2. There is no loss of soluble nutrients.
  3. It is fuel-efficient, allowing multiple dishes to be baked simultaneously.

 

Disadvantages of baking:

  1. Requires constant attention to prevent burning.
  2. Inefficient when baking only one dish.
  3. Demands careful temperature control and skills.

 

Roasting

Roasting involves cooking with radiant heat, and it can be done in various ways, including hot ash or sand, on a grid over an open fire or heated charcoal, spit roasting, and using an oven.

 

Advantages of roasting:

  1. Roasted foods are visually appealing and flavorful.
  2. Retains the full flavor and nutrients of foods.
  3. Foods cooked by roasting are less fatty than frying.

 

Disadvantages Of Roasting:

  1. Requires constant attention.
  2. Takes a longer time.
  3. Consumes fuel and energy for heating.

 

Grilling

Grilling, also known as broiling, is a fast cooking method using radiant heat above or below the food. It can be done with a flat metal frame, gas flame, electric, charcoal, or wood. Grilled foods are brushed with fat or oil and cooked quickly on both sides.

 

Foods suitable for grilling:

  1. Small cuts of meat, steak, lamb
  2. Sausages, kidneys, liver, bacon
  3. Cutlets of large fish and small fish

 

Advantages Of Grilling:

  1. Grilled foods are tasty and easily digestible.
  2. Quick cooking method.
  3. No loss of soluble nutrients.
  4. Less fatty than fried foods.

 

Disadvantages of grilling:

  1. Suitable for tender cuts of food.
  2. Requires constant attention.
  3. Demands specific skills for optimal results.

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