Meaning And Scope Of Government

Government As An Institution Of The State Human interactions within society often involve diverse and conflicting interests. To address the need for regulating these conflicts and establishing a peaceful society, governments were formed. Without agencies or bodies to oversee activities, society could devolve into what Thomas Hobbes described as a primitive state—solitary, poor, wicked, and […]

Government As An Institution Of The State

Human interactions within society often involve diverse and conflicting interests. To address the need for regulating these conflicts and establishing a peaceful society, governments were formed. Without agencies or bodies to oversee activities, society could devolve into what Thomas Hobbes described as a primitive state—solitary, poor, wicked, and short-lived.

 

To prevent confusion and disorder, individuals must relinquish their natural rights to a state entity known as the government. The absence of government leads to anarchy, a state characterized by disorder and lawlessness where might prevails.

 

Government comprises individuals and institutions responsible for creating and enforcing laws within a state. It serves as the instrument through which the state’s purpose is formulated, expressed, and achieved—a collective agency established by the political community to promote the general welfare.

 

Government As A Process Or Art Of Governing

Viewed as a process or art of governing, government involves organs vested with power and authority to maintain peace, security, and enact laws. By formulating and implementing policies, the governing process regulates citizens’ activities and manages state affairs.

 

For effective governance, power is divided among three distinct but complementary organs: the Executive, the Legislature, and the Judiciary. The Legislature formulates laws and passes bills to the Executive for execution, while the Judiciary interprets laws and administers justice.

 

Government As An Academic Field Of Study

As a school subject, government delves into the entire structure and process of political institutions. It aids in comprehending the roles of government arms in administering state affairs.

 

Additionally, government studies international organizations with which a state has membership and explores relationships between states globally. This academic discipline is known as political science.

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