Manufacturing Industries

The manufacturing industry is characterized by the transformation of raw materials into new products through mechanical or chemical processes, whether carried out domestically or in factories. Characteristics of Manufacturing Industries: Many Nigerian industries rely on skilled labour imported from foreign countries. Raw materials for most industries are sourced from foreign countries. Industries tend to concentrate […]

The manufacturing industry is characterized by the transformation of raw materials into new products through mechanical or chemical processes, whether carried out domestically or in factories.

Characteristics of Manufacturing Industries:

  1. Many Nigerian industries rely on skilled labour imported from foreign countries.
  2. Raw materials for most industries are sourced from foreign countries.
  3. Industries tend to concentrate in specific locations, especially urban centers.
  4. Most manufacturing industries are categorized as light industries.
  5. They are labor-intensive, requiring a significant workforce.
  6. The produced goods are primarily consumed in the local market.
  7. Manufacturing industries in Nigeria are largely small-scale.

 

Classification of Manufacturing Industries:

Manufacturing industries can be classified into three categories:

Light Industries:

    1. Produce lightweight goods like matches, television sets, electric fans, books, etc.
    2. Primarily employ women.
    3. Focus on the production of final or consumable goods.

 

Consumer Goods Industries:

  1. Transform raw materials into consumable goods.
  2. Typically located in cities.

 

Heavy Industries:

  1. Produce heavy or bulky goods.
  2. Mainly employ males.
  3. Examples include metallurgical industries, petroleum industries, and shipbuilding industries.

Industries can also be classified into primary, secondary, and tertiary industries based on their functions.

 

Factors Affecting Location of Industries:

  1. Proximity to the source of raw materials.
  2. Nearness to the market.
  3. Proximity to sources of power.
  4. Availability of labor.
  5. Availability of capital.
  6. Adequate transport network.
  7. Government policies.
  8. Political stability.

 

Reasons for Urban Siting of Manufacturing Industries:

  1. Access to a large market.
  2. Availability of labor.
  3. Good transport network.
  4. Proximity to seaports and airports.
  5. Availability of finance.
  6. Presence of infrastructure facilities.

 

Localization of Industries:

Refers to the concentration of industries in a specific area, leading to advantages such as interdependence, employment opportunities, mobility of labor, social amenity provision, healthy competition, organized market development, attraction of subsidiary industries, and fostering inventions and innovations. However, disadvantages include traffic congestion, shortage of amenities, increased crime rates, environmental pollution, susceptibility to attack during wartime, and rural-urban migration encouragement.

 

Local Craft (Cottage) Industries in Nigeria:

These industries rely on locally sourced raw materials and use simple tools, producing high-quality artistic work. Examples include leatherworks, wood carving, pottery and glass making, ropes and mat making, brass and silver works, and textile/cloth weaving.

 

Modern Manufacturing Industries in Nigeria:

Divided into Western, South-East, North-Central, and Mid-West industrial zones, including cities like Lagos, Ibadan, Onitsha, Kano, and Warri.

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