Location, Position And Size Of Nigeria

Location Of Nigeria Nigeria is situated between 4°N and 14°N of the Equator, and between 30°E and 150°E of the Greenwich Meridian. Notably, Nigeria’s latitudinal extent spans 10°, calculated as 15° – 4°, while its longitudinal extent covers 12°, calculated as 15° – 3°.   Position Of Nigeria Nigeria is positioned in West Africa, bordered […]

Location Of Nigeria

Nigeria is situated between 4°N and 14°N of the Equator, and between 30°E and 150°E of the Greenwich Meridian. Notably, Nigeria’s latitudinal extent spans 10°, calculated as 15° – 4°, while its longitudinal extent covers 12°, calculated as 15° – 3°.

 

Position Of Nigeria

Nigeria is positioned in West Africa, bordered to the North by Niger Republic, to the North-East by Chad Republic, to the East by Cameroon Republic, to the South by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the West by Benin Republic. It shares boundaries with French-speaking (Francophone) West African countries.

 

Size:

Nigeria ranks as the fourth-largest country in West Africa by land area, trailing Niger Republic, Mali, and Mauritania. The total land area of Nigeria is approximately 923,768 sq km. Its greatest distance from east to west is about 1,300 km, while from north to south, it spans approximately 1,100 km. With a population exceeding 140 million according to the 2006 census, Nigeria is often referred to as “The Giant of Africa.”

 

Political Division

Established in 1914 through the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern protectorates, Nigeria gained independence on October 1, 1960. Prior to independence, the country was governed by colonial masters, including Sir Fredrick Lord Lugard (1912–1919) and Sir James Robertson (1958–1960).

 

Politically, Nigeria is divided into 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Each state has a distinct slogan or title for identification. The states, along with their capitals and slogans, are as follows:

 

  1. Abia – Umuahia – God’s own State
  2. Adamawa – Yola – Highest peak of the Nation
  3. Akwa Ibom – Uyo – Land of promise
  4. Anambra – Awka – Home for all
  5. Bauchi – Bauchi – Pearl of Tourism
  6. Bayelsa – Yenagoa – The glory of all lands
  7. Benue – Makurdi – Food basket of the Nation
  8. Borno – Maiduguri – Home of peace
  9. Cross River – Calabar – The people’s paradise
  10. Delta – Asaba – The big heart
  11. Ebonyi – Abakaliki – Salt of the Nation
  12. Edo – Benin – The heartbeat
  13. Ekiti – Ado-Ekiti – Fountain of knowledge
  14. Enugu – Enugu – Coal city State
  15. Gombe – Gombe – Jewel of the Savannah
  16. Imo – Owerri – Land of hope
  17. Jigawa – Dutse – The new world
  18. Kaduna – Kaduna – Liberal State
  19. Kano – Kano – Centre of commerce
  20. Katsina – Katsina – State of hospitality
  21. Kebbi – Birnin Kebbi – Land of equity
  22. Kogi – Lokoja – The confluence State
  23. Kwara – Ilorin – State of Harmony
  24. Lagos – Ikeja – Centre of excellence
  25. Nasarawa – Lafia – The home of solid mineral
  26. Niger – Minna – The power State
  27. Ogun – Abeokuta – The Gateway State
  28. Ondo – Akure – The sunshine state
  29. Osun – Oshogbo – State of living spring
  30. Oyo – Ibadan – The pace-setter state
  31. Plateau – Jos – Home of peace and tourism
  32. Rivers – Port-Harcourt – Treasure base of the nation
  33. Sokoto – Sokoto – Seat of the Caliphate
  34. Taraba – Jalingo – Nature’s gift to the nation
  35. Yobe – Damaturu – The young shall grow
  36. Zamfara – Gusau – Home of Agric. Products
  37. FCT – Abuja – Centre of unity

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