Internet | Meaning, Terminologies, Features, Benefits & Internet Services

The internet comprises a globally interconnected computer network that offers an extensive range of information on virtually any conceivable topic. The World Wide Web, commonly referred to as the Web, constitutes a subset of the Internet.   Meaning of Internet The Internet is a global network of computers designed for sharing information, with information sharing […]

The internet comprises a globally interconnected computer network that offers an extensive range of information on virtually any conceivable topic. The World Wide Web, commonly referred to as the Web, constitutes a subset of the Internet.

 

Meaning of Internet

The Internet is a global network of computers designed for sharing information, with information sharing and communication as its primary purposes.

 

Some Basic Terms

  1. Browse: Refers to a user’s navigation across the web by moving from page to page through hyperlinks, utilizing a web browser.
  2. Browsers: Interfaces that facilitate the management of information on the web. The browser communicates with the connected server, retrieves desired web pages, and displays the files within its interface, providing access to various websites.
  3. Chat room: A website or a segment of an online service, such as America Online, that serves as a real-time communication venue for communities of users with shared interests.
  4. Cybercafé: An establishment offering internet access to the public, typically for a fee, charging based on time usage.
  5. Cyberspace: The electronic medium of computer networks where online communication occurs.
  6. Download The process of transferring a file from a remote computer to a local one. In web terms, it involves moving a file from a web server to a web client.
  7. Email (Electronic mail): Messages sent from one person to another via the internet.
  8. Homepage: The main page of a website, typically the default page displayed upon visiting the site.
  9. HTML (Hypertext Markup Language): The language of the web, consisting of tags used to define the content, layout, and formatting of web documents.
  10. HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol): The standard set of rules for transmitting text files over the internet, requiring an HTTP client program at one end and an HTTP server program at the other end.
  11. ISP (Internet Service Provider): An entity providing internet access and web hosting services.
  12. Intranet: A private internet confined within a Local Area Network (LAN).
  13. Protocol: Rules governing the retrieval of information from the internet.
  14. Webpage: A document intended for distribution over the web.
  15. Website: A collection of interconnected web pages belonging to a company or an individual.
  16. Web browser: Software used to display web pages.

There are various Internet browsers available for navigating the web, with some of the most widely used ones being Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator, Opera, and Firefox.

 

Features in a Browser Window:

  1. The Title bar
  2. Status Bar
  3. Menu Bar
  4. Standard Tool Bar
  5. Webpage Display Area
  6. Progress Indicator
  7. Scroll Bar

 

Internet Services:

  1. E-mail
  2. E-mail Discussion Group
  3. Telnet
  4. Usenet
  5. FTP
  6. WWW, etc.

 

Benefits of the Internet to Society:

It is challenging to envision life without the Internet, given its profound impact on our lives.

  1. Modes of Communication: E-MAIL is the preferred method, offering an indirect communication approach.
  2. Instant Messaging and Texting: Texting has surpassed email as the primary means of communication among young people.
  3. Online Banking
  4. Online Degrees
  5. Online Training and Seminars
  6. Searching
  7. Researching
  8. Buying Online
  9. Telecommuting
  10. Freelance Writing
  11. Worldwide Media Accessibility

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