The Internet functions as a global network of interconnected computer networks, utilizing the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to connect billions of devices across the globe. It encompasses diverse networks—private, public, academic, business, and governmental—spanning local to global scopes. This intricate network relies on various electronic, wireless, and optical technologies. The Internet serves as a conduit […]

The Internet functions as a global network of interconnected computer networks, utilizing the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to connect billions of devices across the globe. It encompasses diverse networks—private, public, academic, business, and governmental—spanning local to global scopes. This intricate network relies on various electronic, wireless, and optical technologies. The Internet serves as a conduit for a vast array of information resources and services, including the World Wide Web (WWW) with its interlinked hypertext documents and applications, electronic mail, telephony, and peer-to-peer networks for file sharing.


Web Browser:

A web browser, commonly referred to as a browser, is a software application designed for retrieving, presenting, and navigating information resources on the World Wide Web. Information resources are identified by Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI/URL) and may include web pages, images, videos, or other content. Hyperlinks embedded in resources facilitate user navigation to related content.



Synonymous with hyperlinks, an anchor denotes non-linear connections between documents. In simpler terms, it represents the clickable word or phrase linking to another page or resource.



ASCII, short for the American Standard Code for Information Exchange, is an international standard assigning numbers from 0 to 127 to numbers, letters, punctuation marks, symbols, and control codes. ASCII facilitates easy network transfer as plain, unadorned text without style or font specifications.



An avatar refers to an interactive representation of a human in a virtual reality environment.



Bandwidth denotes the range of transmission frequencies a network can utilize. Higher bandwidth allows for the transfer of more information simultaneously.



Baseband is a transmission method wherein a network employs its entire transmission range to send a single signal.



Broadband is a transmission method in which a network’s frequency range is divided into separate channels, each used for transmitting different signals simultaneously.



A software type enabling navigation of information databases.



A computer with access to services over a network. The server provides these services.



DNS, or Domain Name Server, is a database translating Internet names to addresses and vice versa.



In the context of the World Wide Web, a document is any file containing text, media, or hyperlinks transferable from an HTTP server to a client program.


Document Window:

The Mosaic program’s scrollable window where HTML documents can be viewed.



The act of transferring a copy of a file from another computer to your own.



FAQ stands for Frequently Asked Questions, common files providing answers to frequently posed questions on the Internet.



Security measures protecting a networked system from unauthorized access.



FTP, or File Transfer Protocol, is both a protocol enabling file transfer between computers and the act of transferring files.



A menu-oriented tool for locating online resources.



The entire gopher network.



GUI, or Graphical User Interface, is a software front-end facilitating user interaction with an application.


Home Page:

The initial document displayed when opening Mosaic or the first document at a website.



Lists of frequently used web locations and URLs.



A computer serving as an information or communications server.



HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is the language used to tag various parts of a web document for display.


HTML Document:

A document written in HyperText Markup Language.



HTTP, or Hypertext Transfer Protocol, links and transfers hypertext documents.



Extending the hypertext concept to include linked multiple media.



A system enabling cross-linked exploration of documents by clicking on highlighted words or symbols.



IP, or Internet Protocol, refers to the set of communication standards controlling Internet activity.



ISDN, or Integrated Services Digital Network, is a telecommunications standard supporting voice, video, and data communications over regular telephone lines.



JPEG, or Joint Photographic Experts Group, is an image compression format for transferring color photographs and images over computer networks.



Hypertext connections between web pages, synonymous with hotlinks or hyperlinks.



POP, or Point of Presence, is a service provider’s location for connecting to users.



A communications device transmitting signals via the most efficient route.


Search Engine:

A program helping users find information in text-oriented databases.



A computer system managing and delivering information for client computers.



Basic protocols controlling applications on the Internet.



URL, or Uniform Resource Locator, is the addressing system used in the World Wide Web.


Web Browser:

Software enabling access and viewing of HTML documents.


Web Document:

An HTML document is browsable on the web.


Web Page:

An HTML document accessible on the web.


The internet has become an indispensable aspect of our daily lives, serving a multitude of purposes. Below are various uses of the internet:


  1. Communication:

The internet facilitates seamless communication, allowing people to connect effortlessly with individuals residing far away. Beyond simple chatting, video conferencing has become commonplace through platforms like email and social networking sites.


  1. Research:

Research has been revolutionized by the internet. Accessing vast amounts of information, previously requiring extensive library visits, is now just a click away. This accessibility not only simplifies the research process but also allows for widespread dissemination of findings.


  1. Education:

The internet serves as an invaluable resource for education, offering a plethora of books, reference materials, online help centres, and expert insights. Learning has become more engaging and self-directed, with countless websites covering diverse topics and providing tutorials.


  1. Financial Transactions:

Conducting financial transactions online has streamlined processes, eliminating the need to physically visit a bank branch. Internet-enabled financial transactions enable swift and convenient buying and selling of goods and services.


  1. Real-Time Updates:

Internet platforms provide real-time updates across various fields such as business, sports, finance, politics, and entertainment. Decisions are often influenced by the latest happenings worldwide, highlighting the internet’s essential role in staying informed.


  1. Email:

Email services, a product of Internet technology, enable instantaneous communication globally. This has revolutionized how individuals connect, fostering global friendships and cultural exploration.


  1. Information:

The internet’s most significant advantage is its vast information repository. Anyone can access information on virtually any topic, making it an indispensable tool for acquiring knowledge.


  1. Business:

The Internet has catalyzed global trade by facilitating communication and advertising for buyers and sellers. Online classified sites have become popular for cost-effective product and service promotion.


  1. Social Networking:

Social networking sites are integral to the online community, serving personal and business purposes. Entrepreneurs use these platforms to build personal and business brands.


  1. Shopping:

Online shopping has gained popularity due to its convenience. Various e-commerce websites offer a wide range of products, and online auctions provide a platform for selling goods.


  1. Entertainment:

The internet offers diverse entertainment options, from watching films to playing games online. Music, hobbies, and news can be easily accessed and shared.


  1. E-Commerce:

E-commerce encompasses a broad spectrum of commercial activities conducted online, ranging from household needs to entertainment products.


  1. Services:

Numerous services, such as online banking, job seeking, ticket purchasing, and guidance on various life aspects, are available on the internet, often at lower costs than offline alternatives.


  1. Job Search:

Internet platforms connect employers and job seekers, simplifying the job search process for both parties.


  1. Connect:

The internet facilitates connections between people, fostering communication and collaboration.


Internet Security:

Internet security is a specialized branch of computer security addressing the vulnerabilities associated with online activities. It encompasses browser and network security, employing measures like encryption to safeguard against cyber threats and fraud, such as phishing. The objective is to establish rules and protective measures to counter potential attacks on the internet.

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