Geo-Political Issues

Land reclamation, also known as landfill, involves the creation of new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds. The reclaimed land is referred to as reclamation ground or landfill. The term “reclamation” also encompasses the process of restoring disturbed land to an improved state, converting it back to its former or alternative productive uses, a […]

Land reclamation, also known as landfill, involves the creation of new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds. The reclaimed land is referred to as reclamation ground or landfill. The term “reclamation” also encompasses the process of restoring disturbed land to an improved state, converting it back to its former or alternative productive uses, a practice commonly known as land rehabilitation.

 

Various methods can be employed for land reclamation, including afforestation, sand filling, construction of drainage systems, erosion control measures, and the erection of barriers. One straightforward method involves filling the area with substantial amounts of heavy rock and cement, followed by the addition of clay and dirt until the desired height is achieved. This process, known as “infilling,” utilizes materials generically termed as “infill.”

 

An associated practice involves draining swampy or seasonally submerged wetlands to convert them into farmland, allowing for commercially productive use of land that would otherwise serve as wildlife habitat. This method also proves valuable for mosquito control.

 

However, land reclamation comes with disadvantages, such as the loss of organisms and plants due to habitat destruction, alterations in drainage patterns, land subsidence, potential flooding, and increased susceptibility to soil liquefaction, especially during earthquakes.

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