Generations Of Computers With Dates

First Generation (1951-1958): The initial phase of computer development marked the era of vacuum tubes. These computers were colossal and operated at a sluggish pace. They primarily utilized machine language, and their internal storage capacity was limited, characterized by small internal storage.   Second Generation (1959-1964): Advancements led to the incorporation of transistors, reducing heat […]

First Generation (1951-1958):

The initial phase of computer development marked the era of vacuum tubes. These computers were colossal and operated at a sluggish pace. They primarily utilized machine language, and their internal storage capacity was limited, characterized by small internal storage.

 

Second Generation (1959-1964):

Advancements led to the incorporation of transistors, reducing heat generation compared to vacuum tubes. High-level languages and assembly languages became prevalent, enhancing the programming landscape. Core storage played a pivotal role in this phase.

 

Third Generation (1965-1975):

A significant leap occurred with the introduction of integrated circuits, containing 100-1000 chips. This generation witnessed the rise of multiprogramming facilities, allowing the execution of multiple tasks simultaneously.

 

Fourth Generation (1975-1982):

The era of 1000 or more Very Large-Scale Integrated Circuits (VLSIC) dawned, accompanied by the introduction of non-procedural languages. This generation embraced flexible internal and external storage options, offering versatility in computing.

 

Fifth Generation (1982 and above):

Computers in this phase surpassed the one-million-chip milestone. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and expert systems gained prominence, and object-oriented programming languages were introduced. Despite their smaller physical size, these computers exhibited remarkable power and formed the foundation for robust network systems.

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