Environmental Physiology

Environmental physiology explores how the environment influences the growth and performance of farm animals, studying their responses to various environmental factors. The aim is to achieve moderation for optimal growth and performance.   Climate Climate encompasses the atmospheric conditions of a location over time, including rainfall, wind, temperature, humidity, and sunlight.   Rainfall Increased rainfall […]

Environmental physiology explores how the environment influences the growth and performance of farm animals, studying their responses to various environmental factors. The aim is to achieve moderation for optimal growth and performance.

 

Climate

Climate encompasses the atmospheric conditions of a location over time, including rainfall, wind, temperature, humidity, and sunlight.

 

Rainfall

Increased rainfall can lead to higher pest and disease incidence, chilling of young animals, challenges in rearing dairy animals, and unfavorable conditions for grass growth.

 

Control Of Rainfall

Implementing measures such as shelters, rain breaks, drainage channels, and strategic building orientation.

 

Wind

Wind can contribute to the spread of airborne diseases and negatively impact animal growth. Moderate wind velocity supports good ventilation but can also affect hormone levels in animals.

 

Control Of Wind

Implementing measures like shelters, windbreaks, proper openings, and strategic building orientation.

 

Temperature

High temperatures can reduce food intake, impact reproductive processes in males, cause heat stress, and affect water consumption. Temperature fluctuations influence egg hatching, yield, and product storage.

 

Control Of Heat And Temperature

Introducing fans or air conditioners, providing adequate ventilation, using heat-conserving materials, and employing reflective surfaces on roofs.

 

Relative Humidity

Humidity plays a vital role in physiological processes, but high humidity can cause stress and diseases, while low humidity increases water intake and encourages rapid water loss from animals.

 

Control Of Humidity

Utilizing humidifiers or open trays with water, promoting ventilation, and avoiding water spillage to manage humidity.

 

Light

Light controls egg laying, influences feeding duration, and affects animal activity. Intense light can cause stress to the eyes.

 

Control Of Light

Adjusting illumination during short daylight, incorporating openings for natural lighting, and regulating light intensity through window coverings.

 

Effect Of Changes In Climate On Growth

Extreme climate conditions can have positive or negative economic impacts. Wind, rainfall, humidity, and temperature variations can affect animal growth and health.

 

Farmer’s Response

Farmers can address these challenges by installing fans and air conditioners, planning for proper ventilation in construction, using heat-resistant building materials, employing reflective surfaces, and implementing measures to control humidity.

 

Effect Of Changes In Climate On Milk Production

Excessive sunlight, high humidity, and elevated temperatures can negatively impact milk production, leading to heat stress and increased pathogen growth.

 

Effect Of Changes In Climate On Egg Production

High temperatures can reduce egg shelf life, hatchability, feed intake, and overall egg production quantity. Light duration influences feeding time but may not necessarily result in increased yield.

Related Posts:

Reproduction In Farm Animals | Oestrus Cycle, Ovulation, Heat Period, Mating, Fertilization, Gestation Period

Respiratory System | Meaning, Organs, Breathing, Importance

Anatomy And Physiology Of Farm Animals | Ruminant & Non-Ruminant

Farm Mechanization | Meaning, Goals, Advantages, Disadvantages & Limitations

Farm Power | Meaning, Sources, Human, Animal, Mechanical, Electrical, Solar, Wind, Water, Biogas

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top