Employment | Factors, Benefits & Alleviate Poverty

Employment involves active participation in a job or occupation. Unemployment is the absence of a paid job or being without employment, often characterized by involuntary idleness.   Factors Influencing Employment Artificial barriers hindering the geographical mobility of labour across state-based sub-labour markets. Culturally biased employment practices. Parochial employment practices stemming from a lack of trust. […]

Employment involves active participation in a job or occupation.

Unemployment is the absence of a paid job or being without employment, often characterized by involuntary idleness.

 

Factors Influencing Employment

  1. Artificial barriers hindering the geographical mobility of labour across state-based sub-labour markets.
  2. Culturally biased employment practices.
  3. Parochial employment practices stemming from a lack of trust.
  4. Population growth surpasses the decline in employment opportunities.
  5. Rural-urban migration.

Poverty is a state characterized by the absence or inadequate availability of essential material needs for the affected individuals.

 

How Employment Can Alleviate Poverty

Addressing poverty can be effectively achieved through full employment, leading to:

  1. Shaping and accelerating economic growth and employment.
  2. Increasing savings and investment levels in the country.
  3. Improving the overall quality of life, as opposed to the low quality associated with unemployment.

 

Benefits Of Full Employment

  1. Improved standard of living, including proper nutrition, clothing, and comfortable housing.
  2. Promotion of personal responsibility and independence.

 

Guaranteed Employment

Ensuring job security involves various factors:

  1. Free Education: Making education accessible to the poor ensures employment opportunities, as education certificates become a pathway to employment.
  2. Provision of Medical Care: Ensuring workers’ health contributes to effective job performance and reduces the threat of termination. Government support for free medical services is crucial.
  3. Rural Development: Developing rural areas prevents excessive migration to urban areas.
  4. Self-Employment: Promoting the concept of self-employment is essential to absorb the growing number of graduates.
  5. Agricultural Sector Development: Supporting farmers with loans and assistance stimulates economic growth.
  6. Small Scale Enterprises: Developing small-scale enterprises and the informal sector enhances employment opportunities.
  7. Local Level Employment Commitment: Governments should commit to creating productive employment, especially at the local government level.

Relocated Posts:

Constituted Authority

Law And Order

What is Cultism?

Features of The 1999 Constitution

The Current Nigerian Constitution

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