Election | Meaning, Significance & Electoral Bodies In Nigeria

What is An Election? An election is the process of selecting a candidate to represent the people of a country in various government branches, involving the act of voting. The fundamental idea behind elections is to empower voters with a range of choices, allowing them to select candidates who can positively impact and transform the […]

What is An Election?

An election is the process of selecting a candidate to represent the people of a country in various government branches, involving the act of voting. The fundamental idea behind elections is to empower voters with a range of choices, allowing them to select candidates who can positively impact and transform the nation.

 

Significance of Elections:

  1. Selection of Leaders: Elections provide the citizens with the crucial opportunity to choose their leaders for different political positions, such as President, Governor, and Legislators.
  2. Promotion of Democracy: Elections stand as a cornerstone of democracy. Regular, free, and fair elections play a vital role in sustaining democratic principles within a country.
  3. Smooth and Peaceful Change of Government: Elections serve as a mechanism for the peaceful removal of ineffective or unpopular governments, facilitating a smooth transition from one regime to another. The example of the peaceful transfer of power from Goodluck Ebele Jonathan to President Mohammadu Buhari illustrates this.
  4. Checks on Leaders’ Excesses: Leaders with oppressive tendencies are mindful of the fact that their actions may lead to their rejection by the electorate. The fear of not being re-elected serves as a check on leaders’ potential excesses, preventing them from becoming oppressive or tyrannical.
  5. Opportunity for Political Education: Elections provide a platform for political parties to educate the public. Through campaigns and rallies, parties can articulate their manifestoes, contributing to the political education of the masses.

 

Electoral Bodies In Nigeria

Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)

The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) serves as the cornerstone of democracy in Nigeria, established as a permanent body by the constitution to oversee the conduct of Federal, state, and Local Government council elections.

 

Roles of the Electoral Commission:

  1. Civic Education: INEC plays a crucial role in enlightening Nigerian citizens about democracy and the electoral processes within the country.
  2. Voter and Candidate Registration: INEC organizes the registration of voters and party candidates, providing electoral registers for political parties such as APC and PDP.
  3. Constituency Delimitation: The commission demarcates boundaries for constituencies in elections to the Houses of Assembly, Representatives, and the Senate.
  4. Oversight of Political Parties: INEC monitors the activities of political parties in Nigeria.
  5. Democracy Promotion: INEC contributes to fostering a sustainable democratic culture in Nigeria through transparency.

 

State Independent Electoral Commission (SIEC)

Following the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the State Independent Electoral Commission (SIEC) is empowered to:

  1. Organize, undertake, and supervise all elections at the local government level within a state.
  2. Provide advice to INEC regarding the compilation and registration of voters for Local Government elections.
  3. The SIEC comprises a chairman and seven other individuals typically appointed by INEC.

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Youth Empowerment | Meaning, Importance And Benefits

Values & Acceptable Societal Values

Civic Education

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