Data And Information

Meaning of data: Data refers to raw facts or entities to which no meaning has been attached because they have not been processed. It can include facts about people, places, things, and their activities. When data undergoes manipulation to organize and derive meaning, the outcome is referred to as information.   Types of data: Data […]

Meaning of data:

Data refers to raw facts or entities to which no meaning has been attached because they have not been processed. It can include facts about people, places, things, and their activities. When data undergoes manipulation to organize and derive meaning, the outcome is referred to as information.

 

Types of data:

Data can manifest in various forms, including symbols, alphanumeric characters, alphabets, and numerals. It can be gathered through methods such as counting using counters, observing people, activities, transactions, or events, administering questionnaires, conducting face-to-face interviews, and filling out forms.

 

Information:

Information is defined as any piece of fact, data, or news that is discovered, heard, or communicated verbally, in writing, or through other means.

 

Difference between data and information:

In market research surveys, completed questionnaires from the public constitute data. After processing and analysis, the resulting report becomes information, which can be utilized for decision-making.

 

Data:

Data refers to raw facts or entities that lack inherent meaning as they have not undergone processing. It serves as the foundational input for information, encompassing details about people, places, things, and their various activities.

 

Information:

Information, on the other hand, is the outcome of processed data, endowed with meaning and relevance for the recipient. When data undergoes manipulation activities, organization, and analysis, it transforms into information that can be comprehended and utilized.

 

While data is essentially a raw, unprocessed fact, information is the refined, meaningful output derived from the processing of that data.

 

Input Into The System:

Data is initially input into computer systems, serving as the raw material that undergoes various operations to generate meaningful information. This process involves the manipulation and organization of data to extract valuable insights and knowledge.

 

Output from the computer system:

Information, as the processed and refined form of data, is the ultimate output from the computer system. This output is purposeful and tailored to be understandable and useful to the end-user, providing insights and facilitating decision-making.

 

Meaningless to the user vs. Useful to the user:

Data, in its raw form, may be meaningless to the user without context or processing. However, information, having undergone processing, becomes valuable and useful to the user by providing insights, knowledge, and relevant details.

 

In essence, the transformation of data into information represents the bridge between raw facts and meaningful insights, facilitating the extraction of knowledge from the vast pool of unprocessed data. This distinction highlights the crucial role of processing and analysis in turning data into a valuable resource for decision-making and understanding.

 

Examples of information:

  1. Advertisement in newspapers: “Experienced accountant needed for immediate employment. Visit our website for further information.”
  2. Zebra crossing signals road users to stop for pedestrians.
  3. Traffic lights: Green light signals go, red light signals stop, and orange light signals get ready.

 

Qualities of good information:

  1. Complete for its purpose
  2. Relevant for its use
  3. Sufficient and accurate for its purpose
  4. Meaningful to the user
  5. Inspires confidence in the user
  6. Manageable volume, etc.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top