Constituted Authority

To foster a peaceful coexistence in society, adherence to law and order is essential. This necessitates the recognition of constituted authority and the importance of respecting those in positions of power.   Power Power can be defined as the capacity to influence another person’s behaviour through the threat of sanctions. It operates within relationships, requiring […]

To foster a peaceful coexistence in society, adherence to law and order is essential. This necessitates the recognition of constituted authority and the importance of respecting those in positions of power.

 

Power

Power can be defined as the capacity to influence another person’s behaviour through the threat of sanctions. It operates within relationships, requiring a connection between the wielder and the subject. The exercise of power without legitimate authority is not considered valid, as legitimacy grants recognition to the leader’s right to rule.

 

Authority

Authority is the acknowledgement of the right to rule, representing the legitimate exercise of power. Leaders require both power and authority to govern effectively. The combination of power and authority confers legitimacy, allowing leaders to rule and enforce rules for the common good.

 

Constituted Authority

Constituted authority refers to individuals or groups appointed or elected into positions of leadership. This leadership is recognized by the people, having gained consent through appointment or election. Respect for constituted authority involves obedience to the rules and regulations established by duly elected or appointed leaders for the overall well-being of society.

 

Types Of Constituted Authority

  1. Traditional Authority: Rooted in the traditions and customs of the people, represented by figures like Obas, Emirs, and Obis who safeguard cultural heritage.
  2. Religious Authority: Based on religious principles, with leaders such as Imams, Priests, and Pastors emerging as spiritual guides.
  3. Legal Authority: Recognized by the constitution, individuals in governmental positions derive authority from their offices.
  4. Administrative Agencies of International Organizations: Found in entities like the United Nations, African Union, and Economic Community of West African States, these agencies constitute international authority.

 

How Leaders Emerge

Leaders can emerge through various means:

  1. Elections
  2. Heredity, as seen in African traditions
  3. Appointment
  4. Charisma and personal qualities
  5. Tradition, where leaders arise from customs and traditions.

 

Importance Of Constituted Authority

Constituted authority plays a crucial role by:

  1. Enforcing conformity with established rules and regulations for the benefit of all.
  2. Formulating and implementing policies and decisions to achieve set goals.
  3. Utilizing taxpayer funds to provide social and economic facilities in the country.
  4. Ensuring peaceful coexistence among citizens.
  5. Preserving customs across generations, particularly in the case of traditional rulers.
  6. Addressing the spiritual needs of followers through religious authority.

 

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