Comprehension

Structure: Complex Sentence Analysis A complex sentence is formed by combining a main clause with one or more subordinate clauses. For example: I prayed before I left. She came as soon as she heard. The analysis of a complex sentence involves the following steps: Identify the principal clause. Identify the subordinate clause(s). Classify each sub-clause […]

Structure: Complex Sentence Analysis

A complex sentence is formed by combining a main clause with one or more subordinate clauses.

For example:

  1. I prayed before I left.
  2. She came as soon as she heard.

The analysis of a complex sentence involves the following steps:

  1. Identify the principal clause.
  2. Identify the subordinate clause(s).
  3. Classify each sub-clause as a noun clause, adjective clause, or adverb clause.
  4. Explain the relationship of each sub-clause to the principal clause.
  5. Finally, analyze both the principal and subordinate clauses as you would in analyzing a simple sentence.

 

Examples:

  1. Bukola told me that she would marry me.
  2. Principal clause: Bukola told me.
  3. Noun clause (object of the verb “told”): That she would marry me.

 

  1. When I received my salary, I went to Lagos where the zoo was situated.
  2. Principal clause: I went to Lagos.
  3. Adverbial clause of time (modifying the verb “went”): When I received my salary.
  4. Adjectival clause (qualifying the noun ‘Lagos’): Where the zoo was situated.

 

  1. I believed that she had married the person whom she had loved.
  2. Principal clause: I believed.
  3. Noun clause (object of the verb “believed”): That she had married the person.
  4. Adjective clause (qualifying the noun “person”): Whom she had loved.

 

Analysis of a Complex Sentence:

In the analysis of complex sentences, various components are identified and categorized for a better understanding of sentence structure. Let’s break down the analysis for each clause:

  1. Bukola told me (Principal clause):
  2. Kind of Clause: Principal clause
  3. Connective: None
  4. Subject Word + Attribute: Bukola
  5. Verb: Told
  6. Object + Attribute: Me
  7. Complement: None
  8. Adverbial Qualification: None

 

  1. That she would marry me (Noun clause, object of the verb “told”):
  2. Kind of Clause: Noun clause (object of the verb “told”)
  3. Connective: That
  4. Subject Word + Attribute: She
  5. Verb: Would
  6. Object + Attribute: Marry me
  7. Complement: None
  8. Adverbial Qualification: None

 

  1. I went to Lagos (Principal clause):
  2. Kind of Clause: Principal clause
  3. Connective: None
  4. Subject Word + Attribute: I
  5. Verb: Went
  6. Object + Attribute: None
  7. Complement: None
  8. Adverbial Qualification: To Lagos

 

  1. When I received my salary (Adverbial clause of time, modifying “went”):
  2. Kind of Clause: Adverbial clause of time (modifying “went”)
  3. Connective: When
  4. Subject Word + Attribute: I
  5. Verb: Received
  6. Object + Attribute: My salary
  7. Complement: None
  8. Adverbial Qualification: None

 

  1. Where the zoo was situated (Adjectival clause, modifying “Lagos”):
  2. Kind of Clause: Adjectival clause (modifying “Lagos”)
  3. Connective: Where
  4. Subject Word + Attribute: The zoo
  5. Verb: Was situated
  6. Object + Attribute: None
  7. Complement: None
  8. Adverbial Qualification: None

 

  1. I believed (Principal clause):
  2. Kind of Clause: Principal clause
  3. Connective: None
  4. Subject Word + Attribute: I
  5. Verb: Believed
  6. Object + Attribute: None
  7. Complement: None
  8. Adverbial Qualification: None

 

  1. That she had married the person (Noun clause, object of the verb “believed”):
  2. Kind of Clause: Noun clause (object of the verb “believed”)
  3. Connective: That
  4. Subject Word + Attribute: She
  5. Verb: Had married
  6. Object + Attribute: The person
  7. Complement: None
  8. Adverbial Qualification: None

 

  1. Whom she had loved (Adjective clause, qualifying “person”):
  2. Kind of Clause: Adjective clause (qualifying “person”)
  3. Connective: Whom
  4. Subject Word + Attribute: She
  5. Verb: Had loved
  6. Object + Attribute: None
  7. Complement: None
  8. Adverbial Qualification: None

 

In this detailed breakdown, each element of the clauses is examined, including the kind of clause, connective, subject word with attribute, verb, object with attribute, complement, and adverbial qualification where applicable.

Note: The table provides a breakdown of the sentence structure, identifying the kind of clause, connectives, subjects, verbs, objects, complements, and adverbial qualifications for each clause.

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