Characteristics Of Government

Government features: Power: The government possesses the authority to influence citizens and implement policies, serving as a fundamental tool for upholding law and order. Law: The constitution comprises a set of rules governing citizen behaviour, defining rights and obligations, as well as the functions of the government. Revenue: To fund its policies, the government relies […]

Government features:

Power: The government possesses the authority to influence citizens and implement policies, serving as a fundamental tool for upholding law and order.

Law: The constitution comprises a set of rules governing citizen behaviour, defining rights and obligations, as well as the functions of the government.

Revenue: To fund its policies, the government relies on revenue generation through import duties and tax collection.

Personnel: Various individuals, such as public servants, judges, and police, contribute to the administration of government affairs.

Public Support: The government’s legitimacy and right to rule hinge on public support, an essential factor for its proper functioning.

Welfare Services: The government assumes the responsibility of providing essential amenities like roads, water, and electricity to justify its existence.

 

Government functions:

Lawmaking: Government formulates laws to regulate the conduct of citizens.

Maintenance of Law and Order: The primary function involves ensuring law and order within the state, enforced by agencies like the police.

Defense of the Country: Protecting citizens from external threats is a fundamental duty, executed by the armed forces.

Protection of Lives and Properties: The government safeguards its citizens, with the police and law courts responsible for protection.

Administration of Justice: Judicial branches settle disputes and administer justice, with prisons designated for the punishment of offenders.

Provision of Social Services: Government provides citizens with essential services like hospitals, roads, and water through tax funding.

Provision of Employment Opportunities: Creating employment opportunities is a task aimed at fostering economic independence among citizens.

Economic Functions: Government regulates economic activities to protect and ensure economic growth through careful planning and execution of economic policies.

Political Functions: Conducting free and fair elections is crucial for ensuring a smooth and peaceful change of government, maintaining a stable political atmosphere.

Maintaining External Relations: Establishing and maintaining relations with friendly nations is vital, often centered around trade, politics, and health, facilitated through embassies and high commissions.

 

Why study government:

  1. Political Education: Studying government provides political education and prepares individuals to actively participate in the governance of their country.
  2. Understanding Rights and Duties: Government studies help citizens understand their rights, duties, and obligations and how to defend them effectively.
  3. System of Government: Knowledge of government enables a better understanding of the adopted system in a country and its implications.
  4. Spirit of Patriotism: Government studies instill a sense of patriotism and nationalism among individuals.
  5. Political Awareness: Understanding government prevents political ignorance and explains international affiliations of countries.
  6. Political Engagement: Government studies broaden political horizons, stimulating citizen interest in government activities to prevent tyranny and dictatorship.
  7. Political Evaluation: The ultimate goal is to cultivate political scientists who can assess the performance of political leaders and parties.
  8. Support for Democracy: Government studies contribute to the promotion and practice of democracy and the rule of law.

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