Adverbial And Prepositional Phrases

Adverbial Phrases: The main function of adverbs and adverbial phrases is to modify verbs, answering the following questions   How? When? Why? Where? To what extent? They also modify adjectives, other adverbs and prepositional phrases. Any group of words containing no verb and performing those functions is an adverbial phrase.   Types of Adverbial Phrases […]

Adverbial Phrases:

The main function of adverbs and adverbial phrases is to modify verbs, answering the following questions

 

How? When? Why? Where? To what extent?

They also modify adjectives, other adverbs and prepositional phrases. Any group of words containing no verb and performing those functions is an adverbial phrase.

 

Types of Adverbial Phrases

(1) Adverbial phrase of manner e.g.

(a) He does the work with zeal/ very well.

 

(2) Adverbial phrase of time e.g.

(a) I saw him in the morning.

 

(3) Adverbial phrase of place e.g.

(a) I met him at the supermarket

 

(4) Adverbial phrase of contrast e.g.

(a) Despite her promise, she behaved differently.

(b) In spite of the good advice, she did not change her behaviour.

(c) His strength notwithstanding, he lost the fight.

 

 

Prepositional Phrase

A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with a noun phrase or pronoun e.g.

  1. To him
  2. For the man
  3. At the bank
  4. About what he did

 

Functions of a prepositional phrase:

The prepositional phrase is used

(1) As an adverbial phrase e.g.

(a) The police caught the thief in the garden.

(b) At a later date, we confronted him.

 

(2) As an adjective: e.g.

(a) The man with a hat is our teacher.

(b) The news of his death shocked everyone

 

(3) As complement of a verb

(a) We believe in what he says.

 

(4) As complement of an adjective

(a) We are sure of his arrival.

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