Active and Passive Voices

Voice refers to whether the individual performing an action appears before or after the action (verb) in a sentence. When the doer precedes the action (verb), the sentence is in the active form, as exemplified by:   “Dairo killed a snake.” (Active voice) Conversely, when the order of the two nouns is reversed in the […]

Voice refers to whether the individual performing an action appears before or after the action (verb) in a sentence. When the doer precedes the action (verb), the sentence is in the active form, as exemplified by:

 

“Dairo killed a snake.” (Active voice)

Conversely, when the order of the two nouns is reversed in the above sentence, we categorize it as being in the passive form.

 

“A snake was killed by Dairo.” (Passive voice)

 

Active Voice                                             Passive Voice

 

Bola prepared dinner.                               Dinner was prepared by Bola.

 

Shade wrote a letter.                                 A letter was written by Shade.

 

Daddy is building a house.                       A house is being built by Daddy.

 

Sola makes beads.                                     Beads are made by Sola.

 

John will kick the ball.                              The ball will be kicked by John.

 

Rules

 

There is an exchange of positions between the subject and the object.

The tense of both voices (active and passive) must be the same.

The word ‘by’ is introduced in the passive voice.

A form of the verb ‘BE’ is also introduced in the passive voice.

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